Constitution

Louisiana State University Paul M. Hebert Law Center Moot Court Board Constitution

(The Constitution of the Moot Court Board should be read in conjunction with its By-Laws.)

ARTICLE I—MISSION STATEMENT

The purpose of the Moot Court Board of the Paul M. Hebert Law Center at Louisiana State University shall be to promote the development of oral and written advocacy skills; to train in all fields and phases of appellate advocacy; and to advance the science of jurisprudence. Toward these ends, the Moot Court Board shall sponsor internal and external appellate competition, and engage in such other activities as the Executive Committee deems appropriate.

ARTICLE II—MEMBERSHIP

Section 1. Eligibility

Any law student attending the Paul M. Hebert Law Center who has met the criteria for membership established by the Executive Committee and delineated in the Moot Court Board Bylaws is eligible for membership on the Moot Court Board.

Section 2. Duties

To maintain membership in good standing on the Moot Court Board, members must:

(i) Pay any required dues;

(ii) Meet attendance requirements for general board meetings in accordance with the Bylaws;

(iii) Fulfill all required organizational duties as defined in the Moot Court Board Constitution and Bylaws; and

(iv) Perform all committee and organizational duties as assigned.

Section 3. Governance Under Bylaws

All conditions, requirements, regulations, and disciplinary actions as to membership shall be fixed and governed by the Bylaws of the Moot Court Board.

ARTICLE III—EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

Section 1. Membership

The Executive Committee shall consist of all elected officers.

Section 2. Purpose

The Executive Committee shall be the managing body of the Moot Court Board and shall direct its affairs.

Section 3. Meetings

The Executive Committee shall hold regularly scheduled meetings as described in the Bylaws of the Moot Court Board. Required meetings shall be held during each full semester of the academic year.

Section 4. Special Meetings

Special meetings of the Executive Committee may be called by the President or by a majority of the Executive Committee.

Section 5. Quorum

Attendance of a majority of the total membership of the Executive Committee shall constitute a quorum for Executive Committee meetings.

ARTICLE IV—OFFICERS AND CHAIRPERSONS

Section 1. President

There shall be a President of the Moot Court Board, and the President shall act as chief executive officer of the Moot Court Board and perform all other duties described in the Bylaws. All other officers shall report to the President.

Section 2. Vice President of External Competitions

There shall be a Vice President of External Competitions of the Moot Court Board who shall oversee all teams sponsored by the Moot Court Board to external competitions and perform all other duties described in the Bylaws.  The Vice President of External Competitions shall report to the President.

Section 3. Vice President of Internal Competitions

There shall be a Vice President of Internal Competitions of the Moot Court Board who shall organize all internal competitions hosted by the Moot Court Board and perform all other duties described in the Bylaws. The Vice President of Internal Competitions shall report to the President.

Section 4. Vice President of Judicial Relations

There shall be a Vice President of Judicial Relations of the Moot Court Board who shall contact and solicit all volunteers for events hosted by the Moot Court Board and perform all other duties described in the bylaws. The Vice President of Judicial Relations shall report to the President.

Section 5. Vice President of Administrative Affairs

There shall be an Administrative Vice President of the Moot Court Board who shall perform all administrative tasks related to the Moot Court Board’s interactions with other LSU Law organizations and all other duties described in the Bylaws. The Vice President of Administrative Affairs shall report to the President.

Section 6. Chairpersons

There shall be such Chairpersons as deemed necessary by a majority of the Executive Committee to be promulgated in accordance with the Bylaws of the Moot Court Board.

ARTICLE V—MEETINGS and VOTING

Section 1. Scheduling

The Moot Court Board shall hold regularly scheduled meetings as described in the Moot Court Board Bylaws.

Section 2. Notification

Notification of general board meetings shall be provided to members at least five (5) days prior to the meeting as described in the Bylaws.

Section 3. Special Meetings

Special meetings of the Moot Court Board may be called by the President or by a majority of the Executive Committee. Notification shall be at the earliest possible date.

Section 4. Quorum

A majority of the current membership of the Moot Court Board shall constitute a quorum.

Section 5. Voting

A quorum is required to take a vote on any Moot Court Board matter at any meeting. Members early voting in accordance with Section 8 shall not be considered in attendance when determining whether quorum is met at any meeting.

Section 6. Threshold for an Affirmative Vote

The number of votes necessary for a certain Moot Court Board matter to pass shall be set by the remaining sections of this Constitution and the Bylaws. Whether a certain voting threshold is met shall be determined from those members present and voting (e.g. If a 2/3 vote is required, 2/3 of the members present at the meeting and eligible to vote must vote in the affirmative for the matter to pass). Members early voting in accordance with Section 8 shall be considered present and voting for the purpose of meeting a particular vote threshold.

Section 7. Voting Eligibility

Any Moot Court Board member who is in good standing of organizational requirements as defined in the Moot Court Board Bylaws may vote on any Moot Court Board matter.

Section 8. Early Voting

If a member is unable to attend a meeting in which a vote is to be taken, that member may vote in advance of the meeting in accordance with a procedure to be set by the President. The member must indicate in writing how his vote is to be cast (e.g. in the affirmative or negative or for a particular candidate). The member may not authorize someone to vote on his behalf (vote by proxy).

ARTICLE VI—ELECTIONS

Section 1. Time for Election

Upon selection, all incoming board members will attend Spring Semester general board meetings. At the close of the current academic year, election of officers for the following academic year shall be held at the first official general board meeting for the new board. The Executive Committee of the outgoing board shall attend this first general board meeting of the incoming board to facilitate the new elections.

Section 2. Nomination

Nomination of candidates for elected offices shall be made from the floor at the applicable Moot Court Board meeting or in a manner not inconsistent therewith so as to maintain the integrity of said nominations.

Section 3. Procedure

Moot Court Board elections shall be executed in accordance with procedures set in the Bylaws.

Section 4. Impeachment

A Moot Court Board officer may be removed for failing to uphold or execute his or her duties as defined in the Bylaws. Removal of an officer requires a two-thirds vote. For impeachment purposes alone, early voting will not be allowed.

ARTICLE VII—AMENDMENTS

Section 1. Proposed Amendments

An amendment must be proposed to the President and the Executive Committee, in writing, not less than five (5) days prior to a general meeting. Notification shall include the language of the proposed amendment.

Section 2. Adoption

The Executive Committee shall entertain a motion for amendment. Adoption shall be by a majority of the Executive Committee.

Section 3. Ratification

Adopted amendments shall be read into the minutes of the next Moot Court Board meeting and the proposed language shall be circulated amongst the general membership in written form at that meeting. Adopted amendments must be ratified by a two-thirds vote.

ARTICLE VIII—BYLAWS

Section 1. Promulgation

The President shall promulgate Bylaws as necessary and/or appropriate with the advice and consent of a majority of the Executive Committee.

Section 2. Notification

An amendment to the Bylaws must be proposed to the President and the Executive Committee, in writing, not less than five (5) days prior to a general meeting. Notification shall include the language of the proposed amendment.

Section 3. Adoption

The Executive Committee shall entertain a motion for amendment. Adoption shall be by a majority of the Executive Committee.

Section 4. Ratification

Adopted amendments shall be read into the minutes of the next Moot Court Board meeting and the proposed language shall be circulated amongst the general membership in written form at that meeting. Adopted amendments must be ratified by a majority vote.

ARTICLE IX—PARLIAMENTARY AUTHORITY

The rules contained in Robert’s Rules of Order, Newly Revised shall govern this organization in all cases to which they are applicable and in which they are not inconsistent with this Constitution and any special rules of order the Board may adopt.

This Constitution was adopted by the 2013-2014 Moot Court Board at its general board meeting in February 2014.